The Galapagos Islands area situated in the Pacific Ocean some 1,000 km from the Ecuadorian coast. and is composed of 13 main islands of which only five are inhabited. 97% of the total emerged surface (7,665,100 ha) was declared National Park in 1959.
These 13 major islands and dozens of smaller islets and rocks are the result of volcanic activity. These islands are home to a unique diversity of plant, animal, and marine life. In a effort to preserve the islands as they were centuries ago, the Galapagos have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Galapagos Island is famous for its biodiversity and place of Charles Darwin’s research on the theory of evolution.