Galapagos Penguin Facts, Penguin Species Living in Tropical Climates
Penguins are a species of sea bird that generally live in cold waters in the southern hemisphere. But apparently there are also types of penguins that live in tropical areas, the Galapagos Penguin. As the name implies, these penguins can only be found in the Galapagos Islands which belong to Ecuador.
- Endemic penguins from the Galapagos Islands
Galapagos penguins are endemic seabirds in the Galapagos Islands that belong to the territory of Ecuador. Its presence is mainly in the west of these islands, and 90 percent of them are on Fernandina Island and the west coast of Isabela Island. The rest can be found on the islands of Bartolome and Floreana, as well as various small islands in the archipelago.
- Can adjust to the tropical climate
Galapagos penguins are unique compared to other penguin species, because they can adapt to tropical climates. But these penguins can adjust to existing conditions because of the presence of Humboldt and Cromwell currents in western waters in South America.
- Including the type of small penguin
Galapagos penguins are small species of penguins which can only grow to a maximum length of 49 cm and weigh up to 2.5 kg. So it becomes the second smallest penguin after little penguins originating from Australia and New Zealand.
- Types of monogamous animals and take turns in caring for their children
One of the highlights of the Galapagos penguin is that it tends to be monogamous or only to marry one partner for life. When they lay eggs, penguins will make nests on the coasts, and both males and females will nurture and feed their children alternately, according to the Galapagos website.
- Included in endangered category and protected
However, this bird is considered rare and protected by the local government, even it is included in the endangered category according to the IUCN Red List https://www.iucnredlist.org/. Penguin population is also declining from year to year due to the number of predators, in the form of seals, sharks, plus their predator eggs such as dogs and cats.
That was some interesting scientific facts from Galapagos penguins that are certainly interesting to know. Hopefully it can increase your knowledge about rare animal species.
You can see these species on board Galapagos cruises https://www.ecuadorwonders.com/en/galapagos-islands-cruises-tours/cruises-islands-cruises-tours/. As well as other rare species as Galapagos flightless cormorant.